GUAYAQUIL, FIRST PORT IN THE WORLD FOR BANANA EXPORTS
According to data from the of the United Nations Food and Agriculture Organization (FAO) Office, about 19 million tons were exported, of which 6.37 million tons (33.54%) were exported from Ecuador. The major shipping point was the port of Guayaquil, located on the west coast of the Pacific. From this port 4.97 million tons were exported, this is 26% of world exports, making Guayaquil the world’s first banana shipping port. The port terminals located in Guayaquil increased their cargo movement, especially containerized one.
The report “Actualidad Portuaria 2018” prepared by the Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean, highlights that of containers movement increased by 10.53% as compared to 2017, making Guayaquil the fourth busiest port on the west coast of the South Pacific of Latin America.
These figures determine the importance of Guayaquil for world banana exports, which ships fruit to the five continents. For this reason, the main shipping companies have a special interest in our city, which is shown by the incorporation of a new port terminal.
For this reason, Guayaquil will receive worldwide attention of the banana trade during the XVI International Banana Forum, due to its strategic position, its shipping capacity and for being an international business center.
BANANAS AND THEIR CONTRIBUTION TO THE DEVELOPMENT OF THE VALUE CHAIN
More than half a century ago, an important event occurred in the world banana business; the fruit was transported in cardboard boxes and no longer in bunches. This change generated new businesses that were born to handle the requirements of banana exports. The first was the cardboard industry. Its production is absorbed in approximately an 80% by the banana business. Simultaneously, the plastic industry also increased its production and now 40% of its production goes to the banana export business, which boosted the share of bananas to 2% of the total value of Ecuador’s gross domestic product.
At the same time, logistics, phytosanitary, security and transport services were developed, giving a significant boost to the generation of labor, which is estimated at 500 thousand people and indirectly to 2 million people, who with the increase in production and exports, benefit from this business..